Neurological rehabilitation is designed to help treat patients with nervous system or neurological diseases. Rehabilitation aims to increase function, reduce debilitating symptoms, and improve a patient’s quality of life. The types of rehabilitation treatments recommended depend on the areas of the body affected by the neurological condition. Nerves are your body’s electrical system. They are found everywhere in your body and power in everything your body does. Damage to your nerves can cause pain and affect the ability to function—from walking to swallowing to learning and speaking.